Major cellulosic ethanol breakthrough: 75 billion gallons per year?

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Thread: Major cellulosic ethanol breakthrough: 75 billion gallons per year?

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    Major cellulosic ethanol breakthrough: 75 billion gallons per year?

    Breakthrough promises major advance in biofuel production

    University of Maryland research that started with bacteria from the Chesapeake Bay has led to a process that may be able to convert large volumes of all kinds of plant products, from leftover brewer’s mash to paper trash, into ethanol and other biofuel alternatives to gasoline.
    ...
    The Zymetis process can make ethanol and other biofuels from many different types of plants and plant waste called cellulosic sources. Cellulosic biofuels can be made from non- grain plant sources such as waste paper, brewing byproducts, leftover agriculture products, including straw, corncobs and husks, and energy crops such as switchgrass.

    When fully operational, the Zymetis process could potentially lead to the production of 75 billion gallons a year of carbon-neutral ethanol.

    The secret to the Zymetis process is a Chesapeake Bay marsh grass bacterium, S. degradans. Hutcheson found that the bacterium has an enzyme that could quickly break down plant materials into sugar, which can then be converted to biofuel.

    The Zymetis researchers were unable to isolate the Bay bacterium again in nature, but they discovered how to produce the enzyme in their own laboratories. The result was Ethazyme, which degrades the tough cell walls of cellulosic materials and breaks down the entire plant material into bio-fuel ready sugars in one step, at a significantly lower cost and with fewer caustic chemicals than current methods.

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    Re: Major cellulosic ethanol breakthrough: 75 billion gallons per year?

    Very encouraging.

    75 Billion gallons should make some difference, shouldn't it?

    This could de-centralize the whole energy picture. Production facilities all over the nation dedicated to producing fuel from locally collected sources FOR the local population. (Talk about spreading the wealth.)
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    Re: Major cellulosic ethanol breakthrough: 75 billion gallons per year?

    Hopefully they will be able to scale it up to an industrial scale.

    The Zymetis process can make ethanol and other biofuels from many different types of plants and plant waste called cellulosic sources. Cellulosic biofuels can be made from non- grain plant sources such as waste paper, brewing byproducts, leftover agriculture products, including straw, corncobs and husks, and energy crops such as switchgrass.
    Wonder if it will work with coal or crude.

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    Re: Major cellulosic ethanol breakthrough: 75 billion gallons per year?

    This should make the tree-huggers happy too. This way there are fewer products that go into landfills all over America

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    Re: Major cellulosic ethanol breakthrough: 75 billion gallons per year?

    How is this process different that Coskata's if at all?

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    Re: Major cellulosic ethanol breakthrough: 75 billion gallons per year?

    Without needing to use a manufacturing process to convert the cellulose to sugar will reduce the carbon footprint of ethanol production some folks have complained about. This is all good. And 75B gallons a year is 75B gallons the US won't have to import from the Middle East.

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    Re: Major cellulosic ethanol breakthrough: 75 billion gallons per year?

    Quote Originally Posted by igotzzoom View Post
    How is this process different that Coskata's if at all?
    Different species of bacterium.

    Quote Originally Posted by zete View Post
    Without needing to use a manufacturing process to convert the cellulose to sugar will reduce the carbon footprint of ethanol production some folks have complained about. This is all good. And 75B gallons a year is 75B gallons the US won't have to import from the Middle East.
    75 billion gallons of ethanol would replace far more than the oil we import from the Middle East.

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    Re: Major cellulosic ethanol breakthrough: 75 billion gallons per year?

    What is their cost/gallon (including subsidies). Additionally, how are they planning on obtaining enough material, in a cost-effective and energy-positive manner to be able to reach their projected cost/gallon?

    I'm encouraged to read, that the bacteria can digest various materials, but they need some type of plan in place for reliably collecting the materials. They need a plan that won't spend large amounts of money on transportation costs. If it takes 20 miles to transport the material from Point A to Point B, it's going to turn into a cost ineffective and energy-negative process.

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    Re: Major cellulosic ethanol breakthrough: 75 billion gallons per year?

    Quote Originally Posted by Fusion2.3H View Post
    What is their cost/gallon (including subsidies). Additionally, how are they planning on obtaining enough material, in a cost-effective and energy-positive manner to be able to reach their projected cost/gallon?

    I'm encouraged to read, that the bacteria can digest various materials, but they need some type of plan in place for reliably collecting the materials. They need a plan that won't spend large amounts of money on transportation costs. If it takes 20 miles to transport the material from Point A to Point B, it's going to turn into a cost ineffective and energy-negative process.
    If I had to guess, you could set up production facilities next to the local landfills to intercept the acceptable base materials. This would limit the amount of fuel needed to transport the raw materials.

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    Re: Major cellulosic ethanol breakthrough: 75 billion gallons per year?

    Quote Originally Posted by zete View Post
    Without needing to use a manufacturing process to convert the cellulose to sugar will reduce the carbon footprint of ethanol production some folks have complained about. This is all good. And 75B gallons a year is 75B gallons the US won't have to import from the Middle East.
    75B is roughly half the demand for gasoline in the U.S. If theories uphold, this could make a significant amount of countries energy-independent. It could eventually turn Dubai into a virtual ghost town.

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    Re: Major cellulosic ethanol breakthrough: 75 billion gallons per year?

    So when can I start feeding this into my Avalanche?

    Is the Ecotec planned to go flexfuel?
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    Re: Major cellulosic ethanol breakthrough: 75 billion gallons per year?

    The next 5 years is going to be exciting. Self-reliance is not a dream and won't requirer huge changes to how we do business.

    Question for ya Ron: Aren't plastics oil based what are there makeup of the imports?
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    Re: Major cellulosic ethanol breakthrough: 75 billion gallons per year?

    Quote Originally Posted by Olds88 View Post

    Is the Ecotec planned to go flexfuel?
    Yes, 2009 I believe.

    I wish I could convert my current ecotec
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    Re: Major cellulosic ethanol breakthrough: 75 billion gallons per year?

    The other benefit is this diverts tons of waste which would otherwise go to landfills or burned.
    OPEC's greatest fear is America's amber waves of grain

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    Re: Major cellulosic ethanol breakthrough: 75 billion gallons per year?

    Quote Originally Posted by wildgoosechase View Post
    The other benefit is this diverts tons of waste which would otherwise go to landfills or burned.
    Then there's the benefit of being able to keep yer V8s
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